TEHRAN – The Majlis (Iran’s parliament) has approved a total of 31 trillion rials (nearly $103 million) for rural development in the finance bill for the current Iranian calendar year (March 2022- March 2023), the IRIB reported on Sunday.
By allocating this amount of budget, the total credit of comprehensive development plans will reach 42 trillion rials (about $140 million), said Akbar Nikzad, director of the Housing Foundation.
Comprehensive development plans aim to develop rural areas in accordance with cultural, economic and social conditions, as well as provide housing for rural residents and improve environmental services.
“There are about 40,000 villages in the country with more than 20 households, for which comprehensive development plans have been approved every 10 years, and after this period, the comprehensive village development plans have to be reviewed.
There are approximately 40,000 villages in the country with more than 20 households, for which comprehensive development plans have been approved. Plans have so far been reviewed and re-implemented for 4,000 villages with over 20 households in the country,” he said.
Rural development, reverse migration
Currently, 26% of the country’s population lives in villages, about 39,000 villages have more than 20 households, and 23,000 villages have less than 20 households.
Thus, more than 97% of the country’s rural population lives in villages with more than 20,000 households.
In Iran, where villages generate 20-23% of the country’s value added, the development of rural areas has always been at the forefront of government activities.
Many efforts have been made over the past two years by the government to support the villagers and slow down the trend of migration from rural areas to cities.
Rural tourism, agritourism, religious tourism and ecotourism are alternative or complementary economic activities that could further stimulate rural development while decreasing the dependence of rural communities on one main economic sector (agriculture, forestry, energy or mining). mining).
Mohammad Omid, then vice president for rural development, said in November 2020 that for the first time in the country, the migration of people from rural areas to cities had reached zero.
Since 2003, some 37,919 village administrative offices have been established across the country, serving approximately 95% of the country’s rural population.