Agriculture and Rural Development Quiz for NABARD Grade A 2022- August 19

Q1. Which of the following diseases is a viral infection that affects poultry?
(a) Avian cholera
(b) Sweater
(c) Avian typhoid
(d) Mycoplasmosis
(e) None of the above

Q2. The State of India Forestry Report (2017) has been released, in which of the following states has the largest area of ​​forest cover?
(a) Madhya Pradesh
(b) Kerala
(c) Tripra
(d) Mizoram
(e) Uttarakhand

Q3. Which of the following is not part of the development of the social forestry program?
a) Farm forestry
(b) Community forestry
c) Strip planting
(d) Government control
(e) None of the above

Q4. Which of the following characteristics characterizes social forestry?
(a) A mixed production system i.e. grasses, fodder fruits, fibers etc. is followed.
(b) Amend land laws whenever necessary to facilitate and motivate people to adopt social forestry.
c) Revenue sharing from social forest plantations.
(d) Establish appropriate regulations which should govern the felling of privately owned trees.
(e) All of the above

Q5. The agriculture-based integrated fish farming system contains which of the following elements?
(a) Cattle-Fish System
(b) Duck-fish system
(c) Goat-fish system
(d) Mushroom-fish system
(e) All of the above

Q6. What is the meaning of brackish water in terms of fishing?
(a) Seawater only
(b) Fresh water only
(c) Combination of seawater and freshwater
(d) Polluted water
(e) None of the above

Q7. Which of the following countries is the largest fish producer in the world?
(a) India
(b) China
c) Russia
(d) Europe
(e) Japan

Q8. MSP in relation to agriculture refers to:
(a) Minimum support price
(b) Minimum selling price
(c) Moderate selling price
(d) Moderate selling price
(e) Maximum Selling Price

Q9. The amount of solar radiation reaching Earth and the amount received and reflected back into space must be kept in balance to maintain Earth’s temperature for it to be habitable. Greenhouse gases (GHGs) like carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide act as a blanket in the earth’s atmosphere and absorb a type of solar radiation and prevent it from escaping into space and ultimately warm the earth’s atmosphere causing global warming. The radiation absorbed by these GHGs is:
(a) Ultraviolet (UV) radiation
(b) Gamma radiation
(c) Infrared (IR) radiation
(d) Microwave
(e) None of the above

Q10. What is Earth’s average surface temperature that makes it the best habitable planet compared to the hottest Venus or the coldest Neptune?
(a) 55°F
(b) 59°F
(c) 51°F
(d) 53°F
(e) 50°F

Solutions

S1. Answer (d)
Floor. Viral diseases are among the most important infectious diseases affecting poultry. They are characterized by the fact that they cannot be treated, but most can be prevented by vaccines. The most important viral diseases are Newcastle disease, fowlpox, Marek’s disease and mycoplasmas. Some of the bacterial diseases are fowl cholera, pullorum, fowl typhoid and fowl salmonellosis.

S2. Respond to)
Floor. India State of Forest Report (ISFR) 2017, the total forest cover is 708,273 km2 which constitutes 21.54% of the geographical area. Madhya Pradesh has the largest forest cover of 77,414 square km followed by Arunachal Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha and Maharashtra. Lakshwadeep tops the list according to the percentage of forest cover wise which is 90.33% followed by Mizoram, Andaman and Nicobar, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland and Tripura.

S3. Answer (d)
Floor. The development of the social forestry program is planned through different types of plantation activities which are farm forestry, community forestry, strip plantations, rehabilitation of degraded forests and development of recreational forests. Thus, government control is not within the scope of the development of the social forestry program.

S4. Respond to)
Floor. Social forestry is the management and protection of forests, the reforestation of barren lands with the aim of aiding environmental, social and rural development. The objective of social forestry is to increase forest area and restore ecological balance, meet basic rural needs, ensure better land use, job creation, pollution control . Social forestry has many characteristics, one of which is mass production.

S5. Answer (d)
Floor. The integrated fish farming system involves multiple fish production in a pond or pond. This is classified as an integrated agriculture-based fish farming and fish farming system. Agriculture includes rice-fish integration, horticulture-fish system, mushroom-fish system and sericulture-fish system. Livestock-fish system includes cattle-fish system, pig-fish system, poultry-fish system, duck-fish system, goat-fish system, and rabbit-fish system.

S6. Answer (c)
Floor. Brackish water is a combination of seawater and freshwater. Sea water has a high salt content. Fresh water contains less salinity which is used for many purposes. Polluted water is industrial wastewater that will have a high nutrient content and is not suitable for use.

S7. Answer (b)
Floor. The Union Ministry of Agriculture has launched Mission Fingerling, a program aimed at enabling the holistic development and management of the fisheries sector in India with a total expenditure of around Rs. 52,000 lakhs. India is the world’s second largest producer and China is the world’s largest producer.

S8. Respond to)
Floor. The Minimum Support Price (MSP) is a form of market intervention by the Government of India to insure agricultural producers against any sharp drop in agricultural prices. Minimum support prices are announced by the Indian government at the start of the planting season for certain crops based on the recommendations of the Agricultural Costs and Prices Commission (CACP). The MSP is a price set by the Government of India to protect the producer – the farmers – from excessively falling prices during years of bumper production.

S9. Answer (c)
Floor. UV radiation has a short wavelength and high energy level compared to visible light waves, but IR radiation has a long wavelength and low energy level. Thus, these weaker infrared radiations are trapped in the Earth’s atmosphere and cannot return to outer space, causing Earth’s atmosphere to heat up. GHGs produced by various anthropogenic activities cover the earth’s atmosphere like a blanket and further prevent infrared radiation from escaping into space, which ultimately leads to global warming.

S10. Answer (b)
Floor. The natural greenhouse effect which helps balance the balance between radiation and heat absorption to and from the earth’s surface respectively is the main reason for maintaining this average temperature of 59℉, as recorded by The NASA. Otherwise, the temperature could become extremely cold or extremely cold like on other planets. But according to NASA findings, there has been an average 1.8℉ increase in global temperature over this century leading to global warming and this increase has been attributed mainly to human activities.

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