Bangladesh’s agriculture will increasingly be dominated by large-scale commercial farming as corporate interests dispossess the peasantry, says a paper presented Wednesday at a seminar organized by the Institute of Development Studies of Bangladesh (BIDS).
“It will continue to be a nation of small and small commodity producers, with some shifts from the motivation of subsistence towards increasing the net marketable surplus,” projects the article presented by Geof Wood, Emeritus Professor of International Development , Department of Social and Political Science, University of Bath.
Professor Geof sees the farm losing its prominence to services and other activities, which are also increasingly shifting from public to private.
MA Sattar Mandal, Emeritus Professor of Agricultural Economics, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh finds no problem with the changing trajectory of agriculture as he says a lot of positive things have already taken place in fish farming and agriculture. cattle breeding coming out of traditional agriculture. idea.
He asked whether the country should strive for food security or food self-sufficiency or a fusion of the two.
“The hypotheses put forward by Professor Geof Wood need to be tested,” he said.
Professor Hossain Zillur Rahman called for more research on the rural economy because many other things, such as power relations in rural areas, have completely changed over the years.
“Now people’s relationship with police stations at the upazila level plays an important role in the rural power structure,” he observed.
“And not necessarily, people who have land have to stay in villages. Many people who have land in villages live in urban areas, especially in the capital,” he added.
Other program participants attributed the value of intergenerational change to the changing situation of rural agriculture.
Many people who have worked in agriculture for generations no longer want their children to work there; they want their children to go into other professions.
Binayak Sen, Managing Director of BIDS, who chaired the seminar, summarized by saying that old farms are decaying and fragmenting under the pressure of population growth.
“At the same time, big farms are growing. Whether that will be good or bad remains to be seen,” he noted.
Planning Minister MA Mannan and Professor Mahbub Ullah among others also spoke during the programme.