Ram Rattan Sharma
Education is the mirror of society and is the seed as well as the flower of socio-economic development. It transforms human beings from ignorance to enlightenment, from the shades of social backwardness to the light of social betterment, and a nation from underdevelopment to faster social and economic development. The General Conference of UNESCO in 1964 recognized that illiteracy is a serious obstacle to social and economic development. Education is the real alchemy that can bring India to its next golden age. The motto is unambiguous: All for knowledge and knowledge for all.
The real India lives in the villages, this saying is as true today as it was when the country gained independence since more than half of the country’s population lives in villages, and rural development is a eminent factor for the development of our economy. The crucial motivating factor for the development of today’s economy is education. As in the human body, the liver is responsible for the proper functioning of the body. In the same way, education serves as the backbone of the economy to explore this important role of education in India, especially in rural India.
Rural development involves both the economic improvement of people and greater social transformation. The continued growth of the Indian economy compels the Indian government. accelerate the process of development of all branches of the Indian education system in rural areas. The current system of education in India was introduced by the British in the 20th century. The system thus given has a Western style and content, ignoring traditional structures and has therefore declined. After independence, the central government. took responsibility for technical and higher education. The central government through the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Ministry of Education and State Government has formulated the education policy and planning problem facing the schools of India rural. Although India is developing rapidly and many initiatives have been taken for the development of rural India, there is still a lot to be done. Schools operating in rural India face several problems as there are no proper seating facilities as sometimes children are even forced to sit on the floor due to non availability of furniture. The school building lacks doors and windows, and so wind and animals enter unhindered. Village teachers also receive a much lower salary than the teacher who teaches in urban schools. As teachers are not satisfied with their income, they usually do not give the attention they deserve to the students.
Lack of means of transport:- This is one of the problems faced by the children who attend the schools in the village. Since there are no adequate means of transport, the children do not like to travel miles to get to school.
Fewer schools: Compared to the number of schools in urban areas, there are very few schools in rural areas
School activities: Apart from the school curriculum, rural schools are not able to involve children in other activities such as sports and competitions. Such events and activities tend to contribute to the overall development of children.
Insufficiency of funds: One of the major obstacles to the education system in rural India is the non-availability of sufficient funds for the purchase of benches and blackboards.
Reasons for failure of rural education: Teachers do not get any support from parents in villages, parents in villages want their children to get education related to agriculture, so they can help them. This thought acts as an obstacle to bring children to school. In several village schools, the buildings are also not sufficient to accommodate all the pupils.
Education in rural India:- Here are some suggestions that can be introduced to improve the education system in rural areas.
The rural education curriculum needs to be updated and should include education related to agriculture, gardening to attract more students and create enthusiasm in learning visual aids like projectors, televisions , etc. which can be used to show educational films, to motivate teachers. They should be proud that by teaching in rural or remote areas they act as a helping hand in the development of the economy, special sessions or classes are organized for parents to make them aware of the importance of education for their children. , to appreciate the efforts of the students, scholarships in the form of gifts or books may be granted to them.
To promote the importance of education in India, the Ministry of Law and Justice introduced the Children’s Right to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009. This is a law introduced to provide free and compulsory education to all children between the ages of six and fourteen. . Several central and state-level initiatives have been implemented since the early 1980s. The main objectives of these initiatives include increasing girls’ enrolment, improving educational outcomes, strengthening community participation, improving teaching and learning materials, and in-service teacher training in towns.
Intelligence and character are the goal of true education, aptly stated by Martin Luther King, Jr. The fate of any country depends entirely on the education of its people. Basic education is considered a human right around the world. It is for this reason that the 2009 Children’s Right to Free and Compulsory Education came into play. All educational innovations require strong community support and participation. People’s acceptance and participation can be used as an indicator to measure the progress of different programs. Therefore, to sensitize the rural people on the need and importance of education, more efforts should be made by the government.
In India, education in the rural segment is not only important for eradicating poverty and illiteracy but also for various other social, economic, cultural and political reasons. The role of education, both urban and rural, is huge in the growth of the country’s economy. Although education in urban areas has advanced rapidly over the past decades, there are still villages where education is not prioritized enough even though the government is trying to improve the state of education. education in the country. People are more and more aware of education; however, the lack of infrastructure is a major impediment, which requires active government intervention.
(The author is a former Dy. Librarian University of Jammu)