Goat farming brings solvency to poor families in Chuadanga

The internationally renowned black Bengal goat, known as the poor man’s cow, has played an important role in reducing poverty in Chuadanga A B

Although several species of goats are found in Chuadanga, around 70% of them are Black Bengal goats.

Just three years ago, Lima Khatun faced extreme poverty in her village of Bishnupur, Damurhuda upazila, in Chuadanga. She and her husband Monwar Hossain, who earns a daily salary, struggled to earn two meals a day for their family of five.

Not anymore.

In recent months, Lima has lifted her family out of poverty and started earning a decent income from herding Black Bengal goats.

The internationally renowned black Bengal goat, known as the poor man’s cow, has played an important role in reducing poverty in Chuadanga.

All the other houses in this rural locality now have small and large Black Bengal goat farms.

The locally bred black Bengal goat from Bangladesh is recognized as the best in the world in terms of quality, according to a 2015 assessment by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the Agency International Atomic Energy Institute (IAEA). Black Bengal goats have a worldwide reputation as a source of quality leather, delicious meat and nutritious milk.

Described by the UN as one of Bangladesh’s richest treasures, Black Bengal goats are known for their rapid adaptation to any environment and for giving birth to 3-4 cubs twice a year.

This particular breed is known as “Kushtia Grade” in the international market. However, recently, breeding this goat has become popular in Chuadanga, which is now part of greater Kushtia.

Not only the black races, but also the Haryana, Jamunapari, Totamukhi and Beetle races are bred by the people of this district.

Although several species of goats are found in Chuadanga, around 70% of them are Black Bengal goats. Unemployed youth, new entrepreneurs and poor farmers in this region play a leading role in herding Black Bengal goats and provide nutrition to the nation while earning a living.

Since no additional expense is required to keep these goats, both women and men can easily take care of them.

Going back to Lima’s story, one day, in the midst of her struggles, she went to see the activities of the Goat Breeding Society run by the Wave Foundation after hearing good things about it from her neighbors. .

Lima first bought two goats with a loan of Tk 20,000 and built a shelter with a platform for his goats. The two goats first gave birth and within a year and a half she sold the two goats for Tk 30,000. She bought more female goats which gave birth to more kids. Gradually the number of goats on the farm in Lima has increased and currently she is raising 23 goats.

Many people have similar stories to share in the area that have transformed their lives raising this black goat.

After visiting the four upazilas of Chuadanga, the black Bengal goat can be seen on the roads and back roads, even in the most remote areas. Some people have been seen raising goats on their farms or on bamboo platforms. Many farmers reported making 2-3 lakhs Tk each year by raising 20-30 goats.

Shahabuddin, a goat herder from Chuadanga Municipality, said, “I keep goats year round in addition to farming. As a hobby, I bought two goats 24 years ago, but now I have over 50 goats in my house. My family has never needed it since I brought these goats to my house ”,

According to the Chuadanga District Livestock Office, around 500,000 tonnes are raised annually in the district from which around 23,000 tonnes of meat are produced. At present, goat meat costs 650-700 Tk per kg depending on the quality. The annual income from the sale of goat meat and leather in the district is approximately Tk 2,000 crore. Also, by selling goat skins, a large amount of foreign currency is earned.

“The Goat Development Farm was established in 1997 in Chuadanga to conserve the district’s black Bengal goat breed. Every year, goats are supplied from this farm to different parts of the country, including 10 districts in Khulna Division at a fixed price, ”said Arman Ali, head of the farm’s animal husbandry.

About 1,000 goats are currently raised on this farm, Arman said.

District livestock officer Golam Mostafa said, “Chuadanga can be called a sanctuary for the black Bengal goat, as the warm and favorable climate here makes it the most suitable area for herding. goats.”

He said about 70% of the district’s population are involved in agricultural work.

“Raising these black goats plays an important role in meeting the demand for protein, including reducing poverty and unemployment to boost this rural economy,” the official said.

As this breed of goat does not suffer from any disease except the cold in winter, it has become the most reliable element of poverty alleviation in the district, he said.

About Keneth T. Graves

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