The Government of Uttar Pradesh has agreed to partner with CSIR-National Botanical Research Institute (NBRI) to prepare a roadmap for the promotion of floriculture in the state under the National Floriculture Mission launched by the Center more than two years ago, people aware of the development said.
A decision in this regard, they say, was taken in a meeting chaired by Chief Secretary Durga Shankar Mishra after CSIR-NBRI Director SK Barik made a presentation on the need and scope of the promotion of floriculture in UP. The director of the NBRI has sought the support of the state government in his efforts.
CSIR-NBRI is the nodal body appointed by the Center for the promotion of floriculture across the country.
“We, in association with the NBRI, will soon prepare a Detailed Project Report (DPR) for the promotion of floriculture in the state and provide all the support that the NBRI expects from us,” said the director of the department of horticulture, RK Tomar, when contacted.
He said that currently the state government does not have a separate program for the promotion of floriculture.
The government could consider converting some ongoing programs to promote floriculture, Tomar said.
CSIR’s floriculture mission, founded in March 2021, aims to focus on commercial flower crops and the cultivation of flowers for the breeding of honey bees and wild ornamental plants to help farmers and industry to prepare to meet export requirements.
“The CSIR-Floriculture mission is an income-generating agricultural enterprise with strong potential to earn foreign exchange and create jobs for rural and urban youth,” said NBRI Director SK Barik.
“There is a huge scope for the promotion of floriculture in UP which imports most of the flowers to meet the national needs of other states,” he said.
“For example, Varanasi is the main hub for flower markets, but 30-40% of the city’s flower needs are met by Kolkata,” he added.
CSIR-NBRI, he said, needed support from the state government to set up cold chains, create marketing facilities, reach out to farmers, although NBRI could provide technical support. and do demonstrations.
“Work to set up two distillation units, one at Banthara in Lucknow and one at Kannauj under the Floriculture Mission, is already underway,” Barik said.
According to Barik’s presentation during the meeting with the Chief Secretary, India has only 0.61% contribution to the global flower trade. The Indian floriculture industry includes flowers such as rose, tuberose, anthuriums, carnations, marigold, with cultivation being practiced both in open fields and in poly and greenhouses at the tip of the technology.
According to her, the flowers are now grown commercially in Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Madhya Pradesh. These states have overtaken other flower producing states like Karnataka, West Bengal, Mizoram, Gujarat, Odisha, Jharkhand, Haryana, Assam and Chhattisgarh.
The presentation stated that India’s flower import in 2018 was ₹200 crore, and ₹800 for the importation of perfumes for odoriferous preparations, including agarbatti (incense sticks), in the same year. The import of essential oils and resinoids in 2019 was around ₹8,000 crores while the import of industrial enzymes stood at ₹1,000 crores.
FLORICULTURE IN UTTAR PRADESH