How can the rural economy contribute to the socio-economic growth of India

For a long time, the majority of Indian rural society has not been able to participate in the development history of the country, which has led to a feeling of deprivation and dissatisfaction among the rural masses, and is seen in their migration to cities over several decades.

The overall development of a country depends on the contribution of its rural economy to the socio-economic growth of that nation.

Therefore, for the overall economic growth of our country, we must improve the quality of life and the financial well-being of the people living in the villages.

In India, two-thirds of the country’s population depend on agriculture for their livelihoods, and one-third of rural India is still below the poverty line. This explains the urgent need to bridge the urban-rural divide.

Efforts to close this gap must start in earnest. While our government is committed to ensuring that enough facilities are provided to improve their standard of living, there is work to be done and to be done in a consistent manner.

Skilled labor

In India, skills development is generally classified as educational and vocational training. Skills development courses should be made available to the rural population, as only appropriate education and skills-based training can drive the change needed to improve incomes and employment opportunities for our rural youth. .

Lack of knowledge about employment-oriented courses in rural areas has left many young people unemployed. In addition, the lack of technical expertise, information on modern agriculture, etc., is worrying.

What needs to be done is formulate policy interventions that promote quality education and training that will lead to jobs. Education and skills training, as well as the provision of credit and marketing support, will solve the unemployment problem.

The balanced development of human resources will help improve the quality of life. This balance can be achieved by various means.

Education, public health and sanitation, women’s empowerment, better electricity and irrigation, facilities for agricultural extension and research in addition to loans and availability of credit, as well as development skills for the job, are some of these steps.

Help growth

What we are seeing in India is nothing less than a punishment inflicted on rural youth. These young people are now being pushed to migrate to cities and abroad, where they end up putting pressure on already crowded cities.

There are not really great lives created by these migrations. We need to invest our time and resources in promoting investment and creating infrastructure, which will provide employment opportunities for rural youth.

Traditionally, rural development has focused on forestry and agriculture. But over time, increasing urbanization has, among other factors, transformed the nature of rural areas. We must ensure that efforts are made to further improve the contribution of the rural economy to the socio-economic growth of the country.

Rural economies remain largely associated with primary agricultural production and, therefore, as recognized by the International Labor Organization, rural development is often seen as outside the purview of ministries of labor.

But then, the productive transformation of agriculture and the rural non-agricultural economy cannot be fully achieved without their active involvement.

Agricultural jobs are among the least protected, the lowest paid, the most dangerous and the lowest ranked. Improving the quality of these jobs is essential to attract rural youth.

Building opportunities

“Changing Structure of Rural Economy of India, Implications for Employment and Growth” – a discussion paper from NITI Aayog indicates that rural and urban income disparity per capita has remained persistently high, with the average urban worker earning more than eight times the average. farm hand.

India must create opportunities for its rural youth to become entrepreneurs who will propel growth. These opportunities include the creation of micro-entrepreneurs and economic clusters in rural India.

And in doing so, the government will need to invest in roads, electricity, irrigation networks and national cold chain networks in rural areas.

For India to channel the contribution of its rural economy to the nation’s socio-economic growth, it must also address the use of social assistance funding.

Many experts agree that social assistance funding is only a symptomatic cure. If we want to empower our rural youth and generate employment opportunities in villages with skills and economic opportunities, this will be a real game-changer and remove the barriers that hinder sustainable rural development.

(Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of YourStory.)

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