Snail farming is one of the most underrated but lucrative business that has been taken for granted for a long time and the economic benefits are very high for the local farmers.
It is advised that when setting up a snail farm, only one species of snail is important. Also, research has shown that snail species such as; Achatina Achatina and Achatina Maginata are among the best for hot climate regions like Africa.
Snails come in different species/types; some species of snails have a low spawning point; some can only produce a small number of eggs no matter how many eggs they receive, while others are known for their massive egg production.
To make a profit as a snail farmer, one must take seriously the species of snails to be raised on the farm. The most recommended are the Giant African Land Snails (GALS), and they come in three main species, namely; Achatina Achatina, Achatina Fulica and Archachatina Marginata.
Archachatina Marginata: This species is also called Giant African Land Snail or Banana Rasp Snail which is one of the largest known land snails in West Africa. This type of snail is considered a delicacy in Nigeria and is in high demand in rural and international markets due to its high nutritional values among all snail species consumed in West Africa and its valuable by-products. products.
This is why importance is given to this snail because of the size and the eggs it lays
At full maturity, the Archachatina Marginata can live up to 10 years, if properly cared for and can also reach an incredible length of 20cm per 500g. It grows faster in a short time with high egg-laying characteristics. From the beginning of the production of viable eggs when it reaches a live weight of 100-125 g, but with special feeding it begins to lay eggs from the age of 4 months and at an average weight of 70 g.
Due to its origin in the African rainforest, it is commonly seen and best suited for snail farming in Nigeria.
There are other types of snails like Achatina Fulica and Achatina Achatinas which are herbivorous. Their diet consists of many plants such as nuts, flowers, fruits, stems, papaya, cucumber, and leaves.
In other cases, the giant African land snail is known to eat small insects in order to achieve the desired intake of calcium and proteins necessary for its survival. These insects include ants, small worms, and even beetles.
The initial capital
It is estimated that with 60,000N to 100,000N or more depending on the scale the farmer will like to operate, it is easy to establish a snail farm. It can be installed in a backyard, garden or land. A savvy business person can expand the snail farm to produce between 500,000 and 1,000,000 snails per year.
A well researched and calculated approach before setting up a snail farm is important. Choosing the right snails that produce lots of eggs is essential, as are ways to keep the snail farm well maintained and the type of soil to use. It is advisable to deploy sandy loam soil as a natural habitat that keeps it moist, moist and not dehydrated.
Referrals, word of mouth and social media can be implemented on product availability to engage in the sale of the processed and well packaged snails, while individuals, restaurateurs and hoteliers can also be approached for the sales.
The reduction rate of red meat/beef may be an attraction for some to indulge in a feast of deliciously wrapped snails.
There is a wider market for processed and well-packaged snail products for the local and international market. It can be a source of foreign exchange when exported by locals to the diaspora. A snail that sells for N300 or N500 times 10,000 coins can easily fetch N300,000 to N500,000.