During the conclave on natural agriculture on December 22, 2021 in Anand, Gujarat, Prime Minister Modi said the time had come to correct the mistakes of the past before they became gangrene, adding that it was urgent to remove agriculture chemical and physical labs and connect it. with the laboratory of nature.
70% of the population of our country is engaged in agriculture of which more than 2/3 are small farmers. Most of J&K UT is hilly and forested. Therefore, the majority of farmers in our UT are marginal and small. Fertile farmland is a rarity in hilly areas and another remarkable rarity in our UT concerns women on large farms. Why there are no great women in agriculture or agribusiness at J&K despite the fact that J&K is a great producer of Bastmati rice, the most delicious of apples, dried fruits and saffron, to speak by little, with another despite being an important segment of agricultural activity at J&K. All tea production in India and saffron production in Kashmir is run by women. Women enjoy sowing and harvesting grains and pulses as much as men, which was evident during the year of farmers’ protests in the capital and elsewhere wherever the protests took place. The participation of women in the aforementioned agitation, in large numbers, and the great enthusiasm they have shown for the repeal of the laws prove that women constitute an important segment of the farming community. However, they are not formally recognized as farmers. As for recognition and land ownership, it is still the domain of men.
Paddy, maize and wheat are the main crops for J&K. The rest of the agricultural products come from outside. The growing burden of feeding the growing mouths that are adding by the thousands every second to India’s more than 1.3 billion people is a great challenge in the country. He calls for revolutionary measures to increase agricultural production.
After Section 370, many developments are underway at J&K and recently signed memoranda of understanding worth 18,700 crore for development projects. Therefore, the population in terms of mouths to feed will increase dramatically. If due attention is given to this aspect, J&K must increase agricultural production. Of course, farmers should be concerned about increasing their production, but there are various contingencies that discourage them from doing so. One of them is the threat of monkeys. There is no solution to this nightmare in sight. In addition, irrigation facilities are limited to the plains only. The rest of the area depends on the rain. The long-pending Kandi Canal is due to be inaugurated by PM on his next visit to J&K. Corn is eaten and destroyed by monkeys and pigs. The fruits are eaten and destroyed by the monkeys. Therefore, a solution to these problems is urgently needed. It is the responsibility of the government and the agriculture department to help and guide the farmers to switch to alternatives or to solve the problem in the context of Prime Minister Modi’s statement to double the income of farmers from by 2022.
The main disadvantage of women’s participation in the commotion is that farmland is as dear to women as an ornament. They are wary of their responsibilities in the peasant family. They do not want to see agriculture mortgaged by wealthy businessmen. Where agriculture is the sole source of a family’s livelihood, women are more in the foreground. This is more common in the Kandi and Hilly areas of J&K and is well known. While the men go out to earn money for family expenses, the women take over the work in the fields in the absence of the men and carry out all agricultural activities from sowing to harvesting, including irrigation. , weeding, fertilizing, harvesting, processing and even sale or storage outside of livestock farming. Their indulgence to this extent is no small task. Yet, they are not considered part of the nation’s agricultural economy. If India is to grow faster economically, it is imperative that women are part of agricultural and economic development initiatives in India and given landowner status (antonym of owner) and family land registers have both men and women as owners. .
More and more farmers are leaving agriculture and turning to other professions. But the women in the country are not detached from agriculture. They regularly carry out agricultural activities. Contrary to this, young people are simply not interested in farming because for them it is seen as an unpaid profession. It is a myth. The lie may be the influence of social media suggesting immense opportunities in other industries. If women are encouraged in agriculture, it is likely that sons will begin to help mothers in the fields and be motivated. Otherwise, agriculture will suffer, which will negatively affect the national economy.
J & K’s geography is full of diversity with various agro-opportunities. But he is under tension. In most places, it is hostage to migrant labor in addition to contingencies. During the harvest season, they return and agricultural activities suffer. This is also the reason why women can be a substitute in difficult circumstances.
This year’s theme for National Farmers’ Day was “Farmer Power; To bring prosperity to the nation ‘. The theme shows that if the agricultural sector and farmers are empowered, the nation will grow. The majority of the rural population, including women, are engaged in this sector. Therefore, the theme for next year’s Farmers Day should be: “Power of Women Farmers; Make the nation prosperous ”.
Other reasons to encourage women to adopt agriculture in J&K are: –
Avenue of Employment. There are few employment options for women. Instead of pushing them towards low-wage MGNREGAs, we might as well attract them to agribusiness to increase their income. There is a shortage of storage facilities. Women entrepreneurs should be encouraged and supported to open storage facilities for agricultural products.
Horticulture. He has great potential at J&K, especially Jammu. Apple’s summer has shown encouraging prospects. If the monkey threat is taken care of, Summer Apple can increase their income. Lemon, amla, and citrus also have huge potential in Jammu.
Floriculture. Jammu is a city of temples. Local flower production does not meet the requirement. Therefore, the flowers are imported. Therefore, this cash crop can be easily undertaken by women.
Breeding. Women are familiar with poultry and dairy products because almost all households in rural areas have livestock. The need for milk and meat / mutton is increasing. Thus, women have the opportunity to engage in poultry farming and dairy farming to increase their income.
Vegetables. Their production is much less compared to their consumption. Organic vegetables are in great demand these days. Inspired by PM’s desire to connect agriculture with nature, women can get into organic farming. The production of mushrooms and honey are other crops that women can easily manage.
Time. Traditionally, for women, the day begins before sunrise and ends well after sunset. They can give agriculture time. They should be recognized for their hard work. Patriarchal traditions and gender inequality deny it.
Institutional support. As women are not recognized as farmers, they are denied support from banks, insurance companies, cooperatives and departments.
The addition of women in agriculture is essential in order to accelerate the rate of growth of the agricultural sector and the economy of the country. They should be helped technologically and financially to start agricultural businesses. Their formal recognition as farmers and their joint ownership of land will help empower women farmers and be a partner in connecting agriculture to nature.
Let Women Connect Agriculture to Nature’s Laboratory – Jammu Kashmir Latest News | Tourism