New Delhi, December 11 (KNS): The Secretary of the Department of Tribal Affairs, Dr Shahid Iqbal Choudhary participated in the two-day international conference on transhumance and rural development organized by the Republic of Albania in Shkoder, where more from a dozen countries discussed common strategies for population migration. The unique cultural heritage of the J&K tribes and recent government initiatives for their welfare were also highlighted.
The Minister of Agriculture of the Republic of Albania, Frida Krifca, inaugurated the international conference held in the historic town of Shkoder, in the presence of the mayor of Shkoder Voltana Ademi, the rector Dr Susana Golemin and senior officials from various European countries.
The two-day conference deliberated on various contours of transhumance, i.e. sessional migration of the population and designed various common strategies for the protection of the cultural heritage of these ethnic groups, international collaborative initiatives and support for development, planning models, economic development, education, health care and other aspects. . The International Conference on Transhumance has been planned as a regular element of multilateral cooperation on migratory populations.
Presentations were made by senior officials from governments and universities in Albania, Kosovo, Montenegro, India, Croatia, Rome, Macedonia, Sardinia, Kelmend, Italy, France, from Greece, Bosnia and Herzegovina and other regions on transhumance practices and local support initiatives. A number of leading universities and research institutions from European countries attended the conference to present research work suggesting the need for common international strategies on transhumance management.
India has the highest transhumant and semi-nomadic tribal population in the world, which is largely concentrated in Jammu and Kashmir. Practiced by nomads Gujjars, Bakkerwals, Gaddis, Sippis and a few others. The first recent survey of the transhumant tribal population formed the basis of several planning and development measures deployed by the J&K government.
Dr Shahid gave a detailed presentation at the conference on the traditional and cultural practices of the transhumant tribal groups in Jammu and Kashmir, the challenges they face in maintaining their livelihoods and the steps taken by the J&K government to their well-being and development. He advocated for declaring J & K’s semi-annual tribal migration as a “protected phenomenon” within the framework of United Nations economic, social and cultural organizations, which was strongly supported by participating counties.
The conference discussed a range of common initiatives including economy, livelihoods, laws, sustainable development, vulnerability, support systems, social protection policies, culture, safeguards development, rural tourism, linguistics, eco-cultural heritage, inclusive planning and empowerment among several critical sectors. Universities, research institutes and several organizations based in countries with transhumant and semi-nomadic migrations come together as part of the initiative to support governments for the well-being of these ethnic groups.
J&K has the distinction of highest tribal migrant population according to the recent survey conducted by the Department of Tribal Affairs in conjunction with the District Administrations and the Department of Planning, Monitoring and Development, which also highlighted status in several sectors of welfare and development, laying the foundations for overall development. tribal communities. (KNS)