Smart Agriculture, The agro-economy provides jobs for around 45% of the national workforce, contributes 21% of gross domestic product (GDP) and accounts for nearly 60% of exports. Almost all of the arable land, around 23.4 million hectares, is under cultivation as the country strives to reach the threshold of sustainable food security for its rapidly growing population.
Smart farming, Pakistan, which is particularly sensitive to climate change, has been ranked as the 12th hardest hit country due to the effects of climate change on agriculture and livelihoods. Rural communities are now more susceptible to water shortages in irrigation districts due to recent seasonal variations in rainfall and water quality issues. Agricultural water demand must be estimated in order to manage it correctly and professionally. However, due to the volatility of the environment, the calculation of supply and demand seems difficult. A recent steady decline in agricultural water supply is due to water restrictions imposed due to severe heat waves and drought. Therefore, the country must develop and use smart farming practices if it wants to achieve food security. Smart agriculture is the application of intelligent information and communication technology systems, such as sensors, Internet of Things (IoT), cloud-based processes, machine learning, networked and artificial intelligence (AI). Within the farming system, these technologies affect crop, livestock and aquatic agriculture by increasing crop production, collecting weather data, monitoring crop growth, detecting crop diseases early, preventing crop wastage through efficient crop harvesting, monitoring livestock behaviors, tracking animals on and off farms, and increasing crop and livestock production.
Smart agriculture, based on autonomous systems, these technologies can effectively regulate actuators, improve utility and control resource use. Additionally, smart farms are expected to boost production and efficiency, promote sustainability, grow the agricultural industry to eventually benefit rural and farming communities, and ensure that products meet market needs while maximizing profits and reducing production costs. At the same time, we are aware that advances in technology have had a serious impact on societies and economies; computers, the internet, social media, smartphones, robotics, sensors and cloud-based processes have revolutionized the way society organizes itself and how individuals and groups make decisions and behave. The practice of agriculture and food production is not immune to this digital revolution and is set to undergo significant changes in the years and decades to come. Given the growing need for research and innovation in this area, it is crucial to be aware of the potential socio-economic and cultural concerns that may arise as a result of the use of these technologies in smart agriculture.
Source: This news was originally published by dawn