by Analytics Insight
December 11, 2021
Recent applications of robotics in agriculture are paving the way for a bright future for farmers.
The world’s population is expected to reach 9 billion by 2025. With a dramatic increase underway, it’s time for countries to think about new ways to feed their people. However, it is not easy. As people move from rural to urban areas and no one shows up to take care of next-generation agriculture, now is the time to inject disruptive technologies like artificial intelligence and robotics. in agriculture. Robotics has already invaded many business spaces like customer service, manufacturing, shipping and transportation. Fortunately, the agricultural sector is the next to adopt the technology for a major transition. But why robotics among all technologies? Because it can bridge the gap between labor needs and production needs. The agricultural sector is experiencing a high-tech revolution as primary producers increasingly turn to robotics to meet multiple challenges. Already the United States, Australia, Japan and European countries are embracing robotics to eliminate the challenges of production. The future of robotics in agriculture is expected to increase dramatically in the coming years.
Top 10 applications of robotics in agriculture
• Autonomous precision seeding
Sowing seeds is the basic process of starting to cultivate. Traditionally, farmers would sprinkle the seeds with their hands. When modern machines came into effect, farmers used a “diffusion spreader” attacked by a tracker to water them. Although the process became simple, these attached characteristics threw a large proportion of seeds into the field, making it a complete waste. Luckily, Autonomous Precision Sowing is here to help. With a combination of robotics and geo-mapping, the mechanism can place the seeds exactly where they need to be for good growth.
• Versatile robots for harvesting
Robots are well known for replacing humans with repetitive tasks. This is what they do at the harvest and the picking. Harvesting is a monotonous job that must be done in order to reap useful food products. To relieve humans of these tedious tasks, robots are taking over. While the planting and harvesting of basic food grains like wheat and barley can be easily done by robots, others, like harvesting fruits and vegetables, need multi-talented robots.
• Micro-spray robots
By spraying the plants with insect repellant, most of the content ends up ruining the soil. Although the soil is constantly plowed to change its texture, there is less chance that the future plantation will escape chemicals. It is also harmful to the environment. Therefore, farmers use micro-spraying robots to reduce impacts. Using futuristic computer vision technology, micro-spray robots can detect weeds and then spray a targeted drop of herbicide onto them.
• Robotic automation process (RPA)
Planting in a nursery is a must-have option for plan enthusiasts. By planting the necessary crops at home, we can get vegetables and fruits for our daily use. However, it is quite hectic to groom and water them regularly. This is where the robotic automation process gives its best. Robotic process automation takes care of all nursery planting work, including watering at regular intervals and picking vegetables or fruits when they are ripe.
• Robots to remove weeds
Weeds are the biggest enemies of farmers. Suppressing their notorious unwanted growth is both time consuming and difficult. This is why farmers are now using robotics to counter the challenge. Autonomous robots, powered by computer vision technology, are able to pinpoint weeds and pull them out before they can spread further.
• Robots powered by LiDAR to collect data
Knowing the condition of plants and the condition of the soil is as important as watering them. But a normal soil or plant analysis takes several days because the farmer has to collect samples and share them with researchers to get the results. However, the process is simplified, thanks to robots powered by LiDAR. They collect data on the health, physiology and stress response of plants and use it to improve the condition.
Drones aren’t really new to agriculture. Since the 1980s, drones have been used to capture aerial photographs of fields. Even when modern drones, powered by artificial intelligence, made their debut, agriculture was one of the major industries that took the initiative to implement it in its own right. Today, drones are used to capture 3D imagery, map creation and crop monitoring.
• Autonomous agricultural robots
The autonomous agricultural robot is the most recent development that has affected robotics from the perspective of agriculture. With various features and extraordinary technology on board, these robots can multitask. They can do everything from cloud seeding to seed planting, weed control, harvesting, environmental monitoring and soil testing. It can support end-to-end agricultural processes and replace difficult manual tasks with machines.
• Robot assisted precision irrigation
Climate change and the impending water scarcity in the world are very real. Therefore, saving water, by all means, is at the heart of agriculture. Unfortunately, the irrigation and fertilization processes use a lot of water and most of it goes unused. To meet this challenge, robot-assisted precision irrigation emerges as a solution to reduce water wastage by targeting specific plants.
• Sorting and packaging robots
More than the actual agricultural work, sorting and packaging require a lot of human operators. In the fast-paced production space, the need for human labor for packaging is increasing dramatically. Therefore, many agricultural companies use sorting and packing robots to streamline tasks at high speed without breaking. With their coordination ability and line tracking technology, these robots can speed up the packaging process.
The robotics revolution is obviously unfolding before our eyes. From autonomous vehicles to automated service robots, robots are taking an increasingly important place in our daily lives. Agriculture is the largest manufacturing sector in the world with a huge need for technology. As the global food chain is under pressure due to population growth, climate change, post-migration political pressures, population migration from rural to urban areas, and the demographics of aging people, the Now is the time to implement robotic applications in agriculture. Robotics and autonomous systems are seen as an escape from haunting reality. It also provides a substitute for the critical transformation of the food chain. Fortunately, after realizing the state of the food crisis, governments are also stepping up to jump on the agricultural robotics bandwagon. With central authorities in play, robotics in agriculture and animal husbandry, including dairy farming, is expected to reach new heights in the years to come.
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